Country – Sri Lanka

Transport in Sri Lanka

Rent a bike in Sri Lanka

The first, what you need to know - Russian rights do not apply in Sri Lanka, but the funniest, that international ones do not always roll. Therefore, for comfortable and law-abiding movement on your transport in Sri Lanka, you need to obtain a local driver's license.. You can read more about this in our post How to get a driver's license in Sri Lanka.

Country - Sri Lanka

Since here Sergey is most often a driver (almost in 100% cases), we issued local rights only for him. Getting a driver's license in Sri Lanka costs 2000 rupees.

Country - Sri Lanka

A scooter in Sri Lanka can be rented for 600 – 1200 rupees per day. In the first month we filmed for 700 rupees per day, but it was pimped, which broke more often, what did you go.

Country - Sri Lanka

Then we found a much better quality pepelats in just 600 rupees per day. Although let's be honest, mostly Indian bikes in Sri Lanka and their quality leaves much to be desired and incomparable, eg, with bikes in Thailand.

Country - Sri Lanka

Gasoline in Sri Lanka is not cheap. A liter of gasoline costs 120 – 170 rupees. We spent a month on gasoline, about, 1000 rupees.

Our bike rental costs in Sri Lanka:

  • Local driving license: 2000 rupees (acts 2 months);
  • Rent a bike: 600 rupees * 30 days = 18 000 rupees per month;
  • Gasoline: about 1000 rupees per month;
  • Penalties: 0 rupees, knowingly did local rights ;
  • Repairs: 0 rupees, repaired the bent disc and changed the front shock absorbers, but all at the expense of the owner of the bike;
  • Total: 20 000 rupees per month.

Public transport in Sri Lanka

More or less long distances in Sri Lanka are more convenient to travel by public transport: bus or train.

Country - Sri Lanka

Examples of rates for public transport in Sri Lanka:

  • Midigama-Colombo Train (135 km): 280 rupees per person;
  • Express bus from Colombo to Galle (113 km): 420 rupees per person;
  • Galle Weligama Bus (23 km): 76 rupees per person.

Country - Sri Lanka

As you can see, get around by public transport in Sri Lanka more than budget. Total, our public transport costs per month were: 2000 rupees.

Tuk-tuki in Sri Lanka

Besides, a couple of times there was a need to use a tuk-tuk. We do not love their brothers, but sometimes there is no way out.

Country - Sri Lanka

They got so hungry, which is less than 300 rupees don't even want to go, but this is in tourist places, if you are in Colombo, look for tuk-tuk with a counter, it will be cheaper. They can be identified by the inscription Taxi-Meter.

Country - Sri Lanka

On average, we spent about 1500 rupees here and there.

Transportation costs in Sri Lanka: 23 500 rupees, including:

  • Rent a bike in Sri Lanka: 20 000 rupees;
  • Public transport in Sri Lanka: 2000 rupees;
  • Tuk-tuki in Sri Lanka: 1500 rupees.

Coins

IN 1872 году появились медные монеты достоинством в ¼, ½, 1 and 5 cents, dated 1870 year. IN 1892 году стали чеканить серебряные монеты по 10, 25 and 50 cents. Монеты по ¼ цента исчезли в 1904 year. На смену большим медным 5-центовикам в 1909 году пришли медно-никелевые монеты — квадратные, с закругленными углами и гораздо меньшего размера. IN 1919 году проба серебра была снижена с 800 to 550.

В 1940–44 годах произошли очень серьезные изменения монет. IN 1940 было закончено производство монет по ½ цента, in 1942 появились бронзовые монеты по 1 центу. В том же году пятицентовые монеты стали чеканить из сплава никеля и латуни, and in 1943 этот же сплав стал использоваться для монет по 25 and 50 центов вместо серебра. IN 1944 появились зубчатые монеты из сплава никеля и латуни достоинством в 2 and 10 cents.

IN 1963 году появились новые монеты без портрета монарха, а именно алюминиевые монеты по 1 and 2 цента, монеты из сплава никеля и латуни по 5 and 10 центов и медно-никелевые монеты по 25, 50 центов и 1 rupees. IN 1978 году монеты по 5 and 10 центов стали чеканить из алюминия. IN 1984 появились медно-никелевые монеты по 2 рупии и алюминиево-бронзовые по 5 rupees.

FROM 1963 года на аверсе монеты изображается геральдический символ Шри-Ланки. На реверсе проставлен номинал — цифрами, а также на сингальском, тамильском и английском языках. Besides, the year of issue is indicated there, а вверху монеты — название Шри-Ланка на сингальском языке. 14 December 2005 года центральный банк Шри-Ланки выпустил новую серию монет по 25 and 50 cents, 1, 2 and 5 rupees. Монеты по 1, 2, 5 and 10 cents, хотя и являются законным платежным средством, практически не используются и не чеканятся.

Обе стороны новых монет похожи на старые монеты того же номинала. Вес и материал монет изменились для простоты идентификации.

Commemorative coins

In the end 2003 года были выпущены памятные монеты достоинством в 100, 500, 1 000 and 5 000 rupees. В их число входят:

  • 1957 5 rupees "2500th Buddha Jayanti"
  • 1968 2 рупии «Второй всемирный конгресс по вопросам питания»
  • 1976 2 and 5 рупий «5-й саммит неприсоединившихся стран — Коломбо».
  • 1978 1 рупия «Первое исполнительное президентство на Шри-Ланке»
  • 1981 5 Rs. "50th anniversary of the introduction of all common voting rights"
  • 1981 2 Rupees "Accelerated Mahaweli Scheme"
  • 1987 10 Rs. International Year of Homeless Shelters
  • 1990 500 рупий «40-я годовщина центрального банка Шри-Ланки»
  • 1991 100 and 500 рупий «5-е южно-азиатские игры в Коломбо — декабрь 1991» 1992 1 rupee "3rd anniversary of the reign of President R. Premadasa »
  • 1993 500 рупий «2300-й Анубуду Михинду Джаянти»
  • 1995 2 рупии «50-я годовщина пищевой и сельскохозяйственной организации UN»
  • 1995 5 Rs. 50th anniversary UN»
  • 1996 1 rupee "50th anniversary of the child protection fund UN»
  • 1998 1000 and 5000 рупий «50-я годовщина независимости Шри-Ланки»
  • 1999 1000 рупий «Кубок мира по крикету»
  • 1999 1 rupee "50th anniversary of the army of Sri Lanka"
  • 2000 1000 рупий «50-я годовщина центрального банка Шри-Ланки»
  • 2000 1 rupee "50th Anniversary of the Sri Lankan Navy"
  • 2001 1 rupee "50th Anniversary of the Sri Lanka Air Fleet"
  • 2001 2 rupees "50th anniversary of the Colombo plan"
  • 2003 5 rupees "250th anniversary of Syamopali Maha Nikaya, главы Асгирия и Мальватта» (two coins)

Climate

Tropical climate prevails throughout Sri Lanka – moist and warm, the temperature difference during the year does not exceed 5 degrees, in the coolest place – Nuwara Eliya, in the afternoon 16, at night 10 degrees. On the coast in the afternoon about 30, Indian Ocean in resorts 28-30 degrees. The best swimming time on the southwest coast, surf and beach holidays from December to April, in the north-east – from March to November.

On the island of Sri Lanka, the weather is practically the same throughout the island. The difference is made by the southeast and northwest monsoons, hitting the coast of Sri Lanka by storms and thunderstorms.

It doesn't vary much by month, the temperature during the day is kept within 25-30 degrees, the sea 28-30, the only major factor are the rainy seasons with showers, thunderstorms and very large (to 100%) humidity.

Service in Lankan

Since I turned to criticizing the service in Sri Lankan, worth saying, that in a cafe it is not customary to give paper napkins, they need to be asked. And the table in the restaurant, but only in special cases, wipes down with a universal cloth, which for all occasions. The generally accepted logic in serving ordered dishes can also be skipped: bring salad after coffee, on the track, a common story, Ceylon residents are very slow!And there is also a feeling, that Sri Lankans live one day

It is important for them today to enter into profitable commodity-money relations with you. Make this relationship honest and interesting for the client, so that he comes to them tomorrow, not their concern. So let's move on to the popular small scammers of Sri Lankan tourists. We encountered a couple of them right away, stepped on the land of Ceylon

If my story convinces you, what you need to take out travel insurance, you can do it here, even if you are already traveling. Choose only the options you need, do not overpay for that, what you don't need:

sights

Как и любое другое ланкийское место, Weligama Bay has its own local attractions, of interest to travelers.

So, всего в 200 метрах от берега находится небольшой скалистый остров под названием «Тапробан» (так на древнегреческом языке звучит Шри-Ланка). Остров был построен в 1920-м году и долгое время находился в собственности французского графа де Мони-Талванде. For 30 лет его владения здесь появилась шикарная вилла с многочисленными комнатами и верандами. Сегодня посмотреть на остров, which the, by the way, входит в список самых романтических мест на планете, anyone can.

Звание самой необычной достопримечательности Велигамы получила фигура Бога смерти или же барельеф Кушта Раджа Гала. Это трёхметровая каменная статуя находится неподалёку от железнодорожной станции. The exact year of its creation, Unfortunately, unknown, но предположительно — это VII–IX век.

Navindu Wijesekara

О происхождении барельефа тоже известно немного. Согласно одной из версий, барельеф был установлен в честь одного местного лекаря, исцелившего от проказы (killed) foreign king. Other historians believe, что барельеф появился по приказу сингальского короля, который приносил жертвы одному из богов, и таким образом исцелился от проказы. Is considered, that earlier this statue was part of the ancient temple of Sri Arabodhi.

This is an ancient temple, by the way, is also considered a landmark site of Weligama. Построенный в III веке он был полностью разрушен и восстановлен только в XVIII веке. This temple is known for, что на его территории был посажен самый первый саженец священного дерева Бодхи, взятый из первых 32-х саженцев дерева Бо.

Традиционная для ланкийцев рыбалка на шестах к достопримечательностям не относится, но посмотреть на неё однозначно стоит. Зрелище может показаться немного необычным — не каждый день встретишь рыбаков на длинных шестах с бамбуковыми удочками. true, с течением времени из способа добычи рыбы этот процесс превратился в развлечение для туристов. be careful: многие ланкийцы только и ждут, чтобы туристы направили на них объектив фотоаппарата, как тут же к ним подбегают помощники «рыбаков» и начинают требовать деньги.

Snake lovers should visit the snake farm, расположенную в 14 км от Велигамы. It contains more 20 species of this reptile.

Victor Bashkir

Sri Lanka - the legendary Ceylon

Шри-Ланка — это легендарный остров чая Цейлон.

Country - Sri Lanka
Находится Ланка — здесь, south of India, this is an island. Столица Шри-Ланки — это город Коломбо, который находится на Западном побережье. Sri Lanka can be conditionally divided into such parts

  • West Coast,
  • East Coast,
  • South coast.

Все побережья — это нескончаемые пляжи, but you have to watch, where to go, в зависимости от сезона. Sometimes, when it rains in the east, in the west season. Etc.
Depending on whether, when will you arrive, you need to go to a particular region, I'll write a little more about this below.

Country - Sri Lanka

  • В центре Ланки есть область — The Hill Country (rice. — 1 zone) — Горная территория, there are a lot of beautiful things, tea plantations , much more. I highly recommend you get there.
  • Далее — Северно-Центральная территория — The Ancient Cities (rice. — 2 zone), этот район более на культуру заточен, by religion. Всё красивое именно здесь — церкви, stupas, century history. You will find all this here.
  • Jaffna the North (rice. — 3 zone) — это уже более нетуристическая часть. Я бы даже сказал — совсем не туристическая, and it looks more like northern India. That is, if you really want to go there, you are exactly such a forbidden part (it was there that the main hostilities with the Tamil Eelam Tigers were fought) attracts, then you will need to apply for a special permit, to enter this region.
  • Zones 4,5, and 6 рисунка — это побережья с прилегающими землями (4 — Западное, 5 — Восточное, 6 — Южное), там в основном находятся туристские зоны — отельные комплексы, beaches, entertainment for tourists and the capital + infrastructure facilities.

INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT SRI LANKA

  • The main city of the country is Colombo, but the official capital of Sri Lanka is Sri Jayawardenepuru Kotte.
  • The temperature difference during the year is only 5 degrees.
  • Sri Lankan woman became the first woman prime minister in the world. Sirimavo Bandaranaike was appointed to this post in 1960..
  • Tea plantations are the pride of Sri Lanka. Any tourist will be shown the cooking process and given tea tasting.. But for the locals, working on tea plantations is practically slave labor.. The island produces about 10% of all tea in the world, Sri Lanka is the third largest producer of this product in the world..
  • 70% Sri Lankans profess Buddhism.
  • Prices for everything - from food in restaurants to entering temples - for tourists ten times more, than for local.
  • Most of the railways were built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Because of this, trains travel at an extremely low speed for Europeans..

EVENTS, FESTIVALS, SRI LANKA HOLIDAYS

  • Boseong Poya Festival. The festival is held in early June. These days in 247 BC Buddhism became the main religion of Sri Lanka.
  • Christmas. Although most Sri Lankans are Buddhist, Christmas with all its attributes is not neglected here.
  • Tai Pongal Harvest Festival. On the first day of the Tamil month of Tai, farmers thank nature and domestic animals for helping to get a rich harvest..
  • Full Moon Duruthu. Celebrated in January with a solemn and colorful procession.
  • Tai Pongal. Tamil holiday, dedicated to the sun god, celebrated in January.
  • Full Moon Wesak. Celebrated in May. There are paper lanterns hanging in the streets, processions are held and performances are shown.
  • The festival of lights is celebrated by Hindus. It marks the end of the rainy season.
  • Independence Day. 4 February Sri Lankans celebrate receiving in 1948 year of independence from British rule.
  • Full moon Navam. Celebrated in February on the shores of Lake Beira in Colombo. The program includes dances, music of drums and flutes.

Sri Lanka currency

National currency of the Socialist Democratic Republic of Sri Lanka - Sri Lankan rupee. International designation of the rupee of Sri Lanka - LKR. One Russian ruble - approximately 2,7 rupees, but the rate changes slightly every day. In order to roughly understand how much, we divided all prices by 3, in mind on 2,7 somehow difficult to share. You can take dollars with you to Sri Lanka, changing them is not a problem here, exchangers are full.

Country - Sri Lanka

If you are traveling for a long time, it's better to keep money on the card, just don't forget to notify the bank about your trip, so that he does not consider the transaction suspicious and does not block the card. Money can be withdrawn at any ATM

But it's important to remember, that some banks in Sri Lanka take a commission, some don't. We prefer to withdraw money from Bank of Ceylon ATMs and they have no commission at Peoples Bank

Country - Sri Lanka

All prices further in the post will be indicated in $, when payment was made in dollars. for example, cost of visa to Sri Lanka and its extension, rental housing, etc.. And in Sri Lankan rupees - accordingly the prices of food, entertainment and such small things. In the end, we will calculate how much money is needed in Sri Lanka in rubles based on the current exchange rate.

Lankans are good and smiling

In addition to the gorgeous nature of Ceylon, its main decoration is the locals. You feel calm among Sri Lankans, in safety. It seems, that it would never occur to them to offend anyone, to rob, curse. Probably nowhere else, except Sri Lanka, you will not meet such sincere smiles. Answering them, you catch rarely used intonations in your facial expressions - your own smile becomes not on duty and courteous, but honest. At the same time, it has a wonderful effect - you seem to become easier and kinder, I want to stop, have a neighborly chat with an unfamiliar Sri Lankan who greeted you, and slowly move on, giving their smiles to the world exponentially. The smiles of the locals and their desire to greet you are the first, what we celebrated in Sri Lanka. At the same time, they must definitely meet your gaze, to be noticed, to smile, say hello face to face, and then don't let go of eye contact for a long time. It is not annoying, it's nice, because from the heart. And even when a class of schoolchildren was going to meet us, about forty, we just got ready and took more air into our lungs, so no Hello! nor remained unanswered. About the external charm of the Sri Lankans is understandable. But they still have some subtle inner tact. I never heard, so they raise their voice, behaved defiantly, would be rude in gestures or intonations. They just always smile. On a crowded train I was given a seat, but on the bus, hammered to the eyeballs, moved up, freeing me part of the seat.

Sri Lankans, Sri Lanka

How to get there

By plane

There are no regular direct flights from Russia to Sri Lanka, however, in the winter season from Moscow (sometimes from other cities) charters fly to Colombo (travel time with landing in Male – 9 hours). Several airlines offer connecting flights to other cities in Europe and Asia. National airline Srilankan Airlines operates flights from Colombo to a number of cities in Western Europe, to the Middle East, to India, Southeast Asia and Japan. Currently, the most convenient and inexpensive flight is with Qatar Airways via Doha

In this case, it is important to keep in mind, that the duration of the connection at the transit airport can be very long

You can only get to Sri Lanka by plane now. India's ferry service to the island was stopped for over 20 years ago due to the civil war in Sri Lanka between government forces and LTTE (Tigrami Tamil Ilama). Over the past few years, India and Sri Lanka have been discussing the restoration of the ferry from the Indian city of Tuttukudi to Colombo and the previously operating ferry service from Mannar to Rameswaram. However, when it happens, unknown.

Features of following through the Bandaranaike airport in Colombo

Tourists, flying from Sri Lanka to a third country (not their homeland), should be borne in mind, that airline employees in the field are extremely incompetent. Denied boarding on flights from Sri Lanka to Singapore, since the Sri Lankan airline representatives for one reason or another do not know, that CIS citizens are allowed visa-free transit through Singapore. Besides, Colombo's Bandaranaike Airport has frequent cases of passenger credit card fraud, when you have “for check” ask for a card, by which the ticket was paid, and then bills you with unauthorized invoices. Based on the above, tourists, flying through Sri Lanka, it is recommended to buy tickets from an agent, without using a credit card. Besides, you should arrive at the airport in advance, to have time for explanations with incompetent staff if necessary.

The third problem for tourists, common at the Bandaranaike airport in Colombo, – overbooking for many flights. Local airline representatives, together with the airport ticket offices, sell more tickets, than seats on the plane. If all passengers come to check-in, airport employees, under any pretext, try to remove some of them from the flight. For this, various illegal requirements are stated.. for example, check-in for Royal Jordanian flights to Amman may close three hours before departure, although the passenger's ticket clearly states that check-in ends in 45 minutes. There is only one solution to such problems. – arrive for registration in advance and firmly defend your rights, inviting the police if necessary.

SRI LANKA: EXPERIENCES OF COLOMBO, HALLE, UNAVATUNE, NAVARA-ELIA, KANDI, ARUGAM BAY AND OTHER CITIES OF SRI LANKA

Шри-Ланка маячила на моем горизонте с тех давних пор, when I first started traveling on my own. It is included in the list of countries, Where is it very easy for Russians to get a visa?. So easy, что можно считать эту страну безвизовой. Виза в Шри-Ланку (Sri Lanka) легко и моментально оформляется по интернету за 35 $ or upon arrival at Bandaranayake Airport in Colombo (Colombo).

I wanted, so that in two weeks the sea, the sun, I'm so tired of fruits and new impressions, what would you dream about returning to Peter. And when you have 50 countries, it's time for the 51st!And so, one of the July days, ставшая за последние годы почти родной компания Emirates Airlines доставила нас на далёкий остров Шри-Ланку.

Throwing backpacks, we hurried to the beach, where did you meet, perhaps, один из самых красивых закатов в жизни. You won't forget such! Our hearts, of course, filled with joy from, that the journey began, what is he, Indian Ocean, what is she, freedom!When the last ray of sun disappeared over the horizon, the first day in the new 51st country was drawing to a close with the rustling of the ocean waves., Ceylon, this is us!

Unawatuna Sri Lanka, Jungle Beach (Jangle Beach)

History

IN 1826 году официальной валютой Цейлона стал британский фунт, заменивший цейлонский риксдоллар по курсу 1 pound = 13⅓ risk dollars, в ходу были также британские серебряные монеты. Фунтовые банкноты появились в 1827 year, replacing Rixdollars. Риксдоллары были окончательно изъяты из обращения в июне 1831 of the year.

The Indian rupee became the standard Ceylon coin 26 september 1836 of the year, когда Цейлон попал в индийскую валютную зону. Фунты продолжали использоваться до 1836 года наряду с рупией. British silver coins were in circulation, а счета велись в фунтах, шиллингах и пенсах. Выплаты осуществлялись в рупиях и аннах по фиксированному курсу — 2 шиллинга за рупию (1 pound = 10 rupees).

Bank of Ceylon became the island's first private bank, issuing banknotes (1844 year), банкноты казначейства вышли из обращения в 1856 year.

18 june 1869 the Indian rupee became the official currency. 23 August 1871 года рупия была переведена на десятичную систему мер. Поэтому единственным законным платежным средством Цейлона стала рупия из 100 cents. This happened 1 january 1872 of the year, когда она заменила британскую валюту по курсу 1 rupee = 2 shilling 3 pence.

Nature

Nowadays beauty, abundance, the island's charm attracts numerous tourists. This tropical island is located in the middle of the Indian Ocean, southeast of the coast of India.

Island area - 65 525 sq. km., length from north to south 435 km, from west to east 225 km. The main part of the island is occupied by the plain, whose height rarely exceeds 100 m. above ocean level. In the center of the island is the Central mountain range - Upland. The highest point of the island is Mount Pidurutalagala (height 2524 m). The most famous peak of Adam - 2243 m. Numerous rivers of the country flow down from the mountains. Some of the island's rivers are navigable. The largest river Mahaveli Ganga (335 km) originates near Adam's Peak and flows into the Indian Ocean in eastern Sri Lanka near Trincomalee.

Other rivers of Malvanuna Oya - 164 km, Kelani Ganga - 145 km. The only river, not originating in the mountains, Kala Oya - 148 km, flows out of the ancient giant reservoir Kalaveva, built in the 5th century AD. 212 meter Coslanda Bride Vale ("Bridal veil") - one of the highest waterfalls in the world with a single stream. Waterfall Babarakanda - 241 m. the highest cascade on the island.

Sri Lanka is surrounded by 1600 km of the most beautiful tropical beaches. Due to the seasonality of the rains on each coast, on part of the island you can always enjoy dry and sunny weather. The main beaches stretch from Vakkala to Negombo, Mount Lavinia, Air blowers, Kalutars and Beruwels in the west and southwest, and up to Bentotta, Ahungalle, Hikkaduwa, Dickwells, Tangalle and Hambantota in the south. The pristine beaches of the east coast of Nilaveli, Kuchaveli, Pasekuda and Arugam Bay - stretching north and south of Trincomalee.

IN 160 km from the truly tropical seaport and commercial capital of Colombo, the mountain resort Nuwara Eliya is located (1890 m), where are the cool nights. Here tourists can enjoy freshly picked strawberries and asparagus, and also warm up by the fire. The resort is nestled among high mountain ranges and tea plantations. Queen Anne and King George architecture, charming flower gardens and a golf course with 18 holes remind of British colonial rule. Hakgala Botanical Gardens are renowned for their magnificent collections of subtropical flora. The highlands are the place, where some of Sri Lanka's famous goods come from. Tea plantations occupy about 200 000 hectares, many aromatic spices also grow in the area, especially a lot of them around Kandy.

Nature lovers will be delighted with the magnificent nature reserves in the mountainous regions of the country: Sinharaja rain forest (included in the UNESCO World Heritage List), Knuckle mountain range, humid mountain forests of the Horton Valley, breathtaking mountain gorges, such as the End of the World, Haputale and Ella, cascade waterfall Dialum, sixth highest in the world, the most beautiful bay of Trincomalee. The foot of the mountains from the southeast side around Ratnapura (City of Gems) rich in gorgeous gems.

Sri Lanka amazes with natural abundance: precious and semi-precious stones, all variety of spices - cinnamon, cardamom, carnation, nutmeg, pepper, 117 orchid species and 242 species of butterflies, 441 bird species. The variety of wild animals is amazing - from huge elephants to tiny lorises, all types of tropical and subtropical fruits and more 500 species of medicinal plants. The rich flora and fauna is preserved in 13 national parks, as well as in over a hundred other protected areas. Among the most accessible nature reserves is Yala (Spirit), Uda Valave, Vasgomuva, Gall Oya, Maduru Oya, Horton Valley, Bundala, Kumana, Viravila, Kalametia and Giant Lake.

Elephants can be seen in the reserves, leopards, bears, wild buffalo, deer, monkeys, boars, wild cats, lizards, giant squirrels. Among the birds you can see - blue forty, paradise and dark blue flycatchers, yellow-eared bulbul, orange long-tailed larvae, mountain hawk eagles, falcons, black-necked herons. Pinnawala Elephant Orphanage is a unique elephant sanctuary, where little elephants are raised.

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